Healthy gums are the basic prerequisite for an attractive smile. They provide two important functions: they are the foundation of the teeth and also act as an aesthetic element.
In the case the plaque doesn’t get properly removed by brushing your teeth, this could cause gum inflammation (periodontitis). Too intense cleaning could cause gum recession.
Dental plaque consists of bacteria whose metabolic products attack the gums, indicated by redness, swelling, and in the worst case by receding gums. Periodontal disease in adults often causes tooth loss.
As a result of the first symptoms, small pockets develop between the gums that serve as breeding grounds for germs. At this stage you should consult with a maxillofacial surgeon or a dentist in order to prevent an attack of germs on the bone. Further progressed, the teeth could lose their foothold and fall out. In addition, bacteria can spread to the bloodstream of the body and cause serious organ damage that can lead to severe inflammations and even sepsis.
Treatment of inflammatory periodontal disease
At the onset of inflammation of the gums a consultation with your dentist is highly recommended. Especially people with advances stages should consider consulting with a mouth, jaw and facial surgeon. Micro surgery allows the oral and maxillofacial surgeon a very localized and gentle treatment of the gums to remove bacteria and completely rebuild bone structure with spare material or bone tissue regeneration. Detailed lab analysis of periodontal bacteria ensure a very targeted antibiotic treatment.
Aesthetic gum reconstruction
If the gum has receded so extensively that the necks of teeth are exposed or gums in between teeth (papillae) are no longer visible, there is plastic micro surgery available such as gum reconstruction using oral mucosa which is transplanted from other areas into the gaps between the teeth.