Oral and maxillofacial surgery can efficiently treat pain syndromes of the face with staged treatment options. The most important first step to a successful treatment is an accurate diagnosis.
There are different kind of pain syndromes, with symptoms that may overlap.
Pain is often caused by malfunction of the temporomandibular joint, with its highly complex, bony, muscular and neural structures. With disorders in one of these areas, pain usually spreads to the whole system. Some doctors refer to this as pain chain reactions.
Experts refer to this as "craniomandibular pain".
Possible causes for pain could be rheumatic TMJ disease, wear and tear of the temporomandibular joints (osteoarthritis), nerve pain, i.e. trigeminal neuralgia or neuropathy.
Following current guidelines and knowledge, the therapeutic approach will be tailored to the specific problem.
Treatment options range from physical therapy, physiotherapy, splint treatment and drug therapy. Additionally, orthodontic and oral surgical procedures could also be administered. Most affected people can at least expect some relief, however, oftentimes with these procures the pain disappears completely.
Typical symptoms where it’s recommended to consult with a maxillo-facial surgeon
- Pain of the jaw joints that radiate into the ears, temples and the back of the head, neck or shoulders
- Pain of the cervical spine, back and shoulder.
- Pain while chewing or talking.
- Painful and limited ability to open and close the mouth, deviation of the chin while opening the mouth sideways.
- Clicking, popping or grating sounds of the temporomandibular joint.
- Redness and swelling of the jaw joints.